The answer is No. These are just both part of the Cannabis family, nothing else.
The functions, cultivation, and applications of both Hemp and Marijuana are completely different. But most of the people are unable to find these differences and confused. If we went to the past in 1970’s the society accidentally grouping all Cannabis species as a scheduled drug and banned under the control substances act CSA.
But now the legislation is being made. Hemp and Marijuana serve completely for different purposes.
As is widely known is used for medicinal or recreational purposes.
Hemp used in a waste multipurpose plant available on the earth. Health and dietary supplements, skin products, clothing, and almost 25000 known possible usages.
Hemp vs. Marijuana
|Adaptable to grow in most climates
|Body Care, Automobiles, Clothing, Construction, Plastic, Food, and many more
5% to 35%
|Carefully controlled atmosphere
|Medical and recreational
Some Actual Differences
We can differentiate by its appearance, makeup, and natural adaptabilities. There are noticeable differences between these two.
|Marijuana contrastingly looks different from Hemp. The shape of the marijuana leaves tends to either broad, tight bud or looks like a nugget with hairs. It looks like a short fat bush.
|The hemp plant has skinnier leaves, and there are few branches exist below the top part. Hemp is taller and skinnier the height of the plant might be 18 feet.
In general, when we compare both plants, a marijuana farm with those of industrial hemp, they are very different from one another.
|An average batch of marijuana contains almost 5% to 20% of THC contents. Premium marijuana can have up to 25% to 30% THC. The psychological effects of marijuana are due to THC.
|Hemp has a maximum level of THC 0.3%. Making it impossible to feel any psychoactive effect. This threshold heavily regulated in other countries that have legalized hemp. The CBD contents are also high essentially making the minimal amount of THC useless.
The main difference between the two is in its chemical composition, specifically in tetrahydro cannabin (THC).
|Marijuana requires a carefully controlled, warm, and humid atmosphere for its proper growth. The growth cycle of marijuana is only 60-90 days.
|Hemp is grown closely together and typically grown in large multi-acres. It can also grow in a variety of climates, and its growth cycle is 108-120 days.
The environment in which hemp and marijuana grew is strikingly different. Some medical cannabis also cannot be grown too close to each other. These have typically grown 6 feet apart.
What are the chemicals that make hemp and marijuana different?
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is responsible for marijuana’s psychological effects. An average batch of marijuana contains almost 5% to 20% of THC. Some premium marijuana can have the value up to 25% to 30%.
The THC levels in hemp are only 0.3%, making it impossible to feel “high.” The High CBD contents in hemp take over to the THC also. So the CBD contents can make the minimal amount of THC present useless.
The benefits of CBD found as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-anxiety. There are no psychoactive effects on health. These qualities are making it popular as a medical supplement.
When Hemp got grouped with Marijuana
In the 1970’s the USA declared war on drugs and signed into the law of controlled substances. There is a lot of banned drugs list, and they created a department of DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration). They unintentionally outlawed the hemp oldest domesticated crop. This act created a misconception about the plant.
The debate of hemp vs. marijuana-fueled by the confusion and misinformation that surround the cannabis plant.
What’s the Difference?
We will dispel several myths and shed light on the differences between industrial hemp and marijuana. To help us answer the question, we will in need to peek into botany, genetics, linguistics, and even law.
Definition of Cannabis
For your information, the industrial hemp and marijuana came from the same genus flowering plant named cannabis. Genus refers to a subfamily of plants, not as a single species. It means there are multiple types of the plant. If we talk about the scientific classification, multiple species can exist within a single genus with different properties.
The genera of cannabis include three different species;
• Cannabis Sativa
Cannabis sativa is the most common strain of cannabis. It has been cultivated throughout history for some purposes, including the production of seed oil, food, hemp fiber (to make cloths), medicine, and even recreation.
• Cannabis Indica
This species of cannabis discovered in India and is a cannabis species that is described as shorter as and bushier than sativa. Problems with botanical taxonomy have led some scientists to still doubt about the existence of this plant as a distinct species of cannabis.
• Cannabis Ruderalis
This species of cannabis discovered in Russia that flowers earlier and can withstand harsher conditions than Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. It is the hardiest of the three, but it is relatively has a lower THC content than other types.
If we talk about the THC levels in these three types then the Ruderalis typically has the lowest levels, Sativa has a higher level of THC than it has CBD, and the Indica has a higher level of CBD than it has THC. The men have been cultivating the cannabis for thousands of years; the effects of artificial selection have to lead to several different types of cannabis even within the same species. It all depends on the need and purpose of cannabis cultivation.
Hybrid Cultivation of Cannabis
The human being is cultivating the different species and verities of cannabis to full fill different requirements. We called this the artificial selection, different species of cannabis have different properties, some harvested for medicinal needs, other for food supplements, and even industry is taking benefit from this plant cloths are made, and 25000 other usages found of that natural plant.
Marijuana not used as the industrial plant, on the other hand, cannabis sativa have been artificially selected and bred to grow taller and sturdier. By these properties, we can get hemp oil, wax, resin, animal feed, fuel, and fiber to made clothes, rope, and many more industrial usages.
Medical marijuana is produced mainly from variants of Cannabis sativa that have been selectively bred to maximize their concentration in cannabinoids. Cannabis Ruderalis is almost exclusively grown for medicinal purposes, as it naturally has very small quantities of THC.
So what’s the Difference?
The major and arguably the only difference between these is that industrial hemp exclusively made from Cannabis Sativa that was specifically bred to produce the lowest concentrations of THC possible.
Hemp producing cannabis has tall, fibrous stalks that are very strong and have very few flowering buds. On the other hand, marijuana strains are short, bushy, and have high amounts of THC. Industrial hemp and medical marijuana are so distinctively different than most laypeople wouldn’t be able to tell that they belong to the same genus of plants if they encountered them in the wild. While marijuana bred with the only purpose of maximizing its THC concentration, industrial hemp always has trace amounts of THC and naturally occurring high amounts of CBD.
It means that industrial hemp’s chemical profile makes it incapable of inducing intoxicating effects and getting you “high.”
Hemp Dietary Supplements
Many people today are turning to industrial hemp products as an alternative to medical marijuana because of industrial hemp is naturally rich in CBD and has been bred to have only trace amounts of THC.
All states of US and other countries are not legalized the medical marijuana, while the products made from the industrial hemp can be safe to use and alternatively legal. You can gain the benefits of medical marijuana from the industrial hemp products without getting “high” and any other side effects. FDA approved the industrial hemp products without any doubts.
When we talk about the cannabis the first image in most people came to burning joint or bong filling up with white smoke. But you are not aware of the other usages like plant-based plastic, durable quality paper, and fabric of high quality grades.
Benefits of cultivating the Hemp
Hemp can yield 3 to 8 dry tones of fiber per acre. That’s four times what an average forest can yield. Hemp cultivation has not required any chemicals, pesticides or herbicides.
The whole plant is useful we can divide the parts into four categories.
• Organic compost and nutrients
• The remedy for conditions such as arthritis, joint pain, fibromyalgia, and eczema.
• Very absorbent and good for animal bedding
• Mulch and compost
• Textile, Clothing, Diapers, Handbags, Denim, Shoes
• Printing Paper, Newspaper, Cardboard, Packaging
• Rope, Canvas, Netting, Molded Parts
• Fiberboard, Insulation, Acrylics, Fiberglass
Seed or Fruit
• Body Care Products
Soap, Shampoo, Lotions, Balm, Cosmetics
Hemp seed hearts, Hemp seed oil, Hemp protein powder, EFA food supplements
• Industrial products
Oil paints, Varnish, Printing ink, Fuel, Solvents, Coatings
Benefits of Hemp on health
• Improves digestion system
• Provide relief from insomnia
• Beneficial to weight management
• Helps to prevent anemia and headaches
• Helps to cure diarrhea and constipation
• Provide strength to bones
• Boost the immune system
One of the advantages of cannabinoid-based medicines would be that they target specific tumor cells. They don’t have any toxic effect on normal nontumor cells. It’s an advantage concerning standard chemotherapy that targets everything.
Marijuana is not able to cure any of these known diseases in human.
Health Benefits of CBD from Hemp
|· Reduced inflammation
· Relive pain
· Reduced vomiting and nausea
· Suppresses muscle spasms
· Reduces small intestine function
· Promotes healthy immune function
· Promotes healthy skin
· Promotes better sleep
· Relives anxiety
· Reduces seizures
· Inhibits cancer cell growth
· Reduces the risk of artery blockage
· Reduced blood sugar levels
· Reduces withdrawal symptoms
Nutrition Facts of Hemp Seed Oil & Marijuana
Marijuana has not any nutritional value as compared to the hemp seed.
Saturated Fat (max)
Trans Fat (max)
Omega 3 Linoleric
Omega 6 Linoleic
Omega 6 GLA
Omega 9 Oleic
Side-Effects & Allergies of Hemp Seed
Although the hemp seeds that are cultivated specifically for oral consumption are devoid of THC, which is a psychotropic chemical found naturally in some varieties of hemp.
They could have come in contact with THC-covered plants and the residue can induce a feeling of being “high.” While this effect can be uncomfortable if unanticipated, it is quite rare, non-threatening, and does not last long.
Doctors and nutritionists also caution people who are sensitive to dietary changes against consuming hemp seeds in large quantities, as they can face mild diarrhea. Additionally, those who are on anticoagulant drugs need to be especially cautious when consuming hemp seeds as they inhibit platelets and may pose a risk of bleeding.
Side-Effects & Allergies of Marijuana
Marijuana is UNSAFE when taken during pregnancy. Marijuana passes through the placenta and can slow the growth of the fetus.
Using is LIKELY UNSAFE during breastfeeding. The THC in marijuana passes into breast milk, and extensive marijuana use during breastfeeding may result in slowed development in the baby.
Marijuana might cause rapid heartbeat, short-term high blood pressure, also increased risk of a heart attack.
Marijuana can weaken the immune system, which might make it more difficult for the body to fight infections.
Long-term use of marijuana can make lung problems worse.
Marijuana affects the central nervous system. It might slow the central nervous system too much when combined with anesthesia and other medications during and after surgery.